Gobustan as a geographical region in East Azerbaijan is a wide territory full of gorges and ravines located between the south-east foot of the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea, mainly in the basin of the Jeyrankechmaz river, between the middle and low arms of the Pirsaat and Sumgayit rivers. The word “Gobustan” itself means “land of ravines” or “ place of ravines”. There are caves formed by the limestones’ strata. On the inner and outer walls of these caves petroglyphs of people, animals, and various signs were engraved. It is here that the most interesting complex of samples of the ancient culture, petroglyphs, has been preserved.
Archaeological context of the site:
Gobustan is a rich archaeological area that has preserved thousands of petroglyphs, tens of ancient human sites, dwelling places, grave stones and other sites dated back to different historical periods. Caves occupy a special place among Gobustan sites, dated from to Stone, Bronze Age and the following periods. A great number of stones with two-sided openings for fastening animals were found near rocky caves. A lot of cupules, considered to be the most ancient primitive cups used for gathering and preserving rainwater, were also registered here.
The archaeological Complex of Gobustan includes more than 6000 petroglyphs caves, ancient settlements, burial sites, holy sites-sanctuaries and plenty of caves and shelters of different periods as the evidence of 15 thousand years long successive usage of this place by people.
Gobustan petroglyphs differ with the variety of their themes, originality of the plot, and certain artistic skill.
Small squares for games, tamgas, hollows, big images of lions and gazelles are mainly characteristic of Jingirdag and Yazyly tepe mountains. They are dated back to later periods.
Images of men and women with bows on their shoulders, individual and group dance scenes, images of aurochs, wolves, boars, boats, and fish are chiefly located on Beyukdash Mountain and date back to earlier periods.
There is some commonness of themes in the two-sided openings in the stones, cupules, also, images of crosses, tamgas, swastikas, the sun, snakes, dogs, wild horses, gazelles, goats and people on Beyukdash, Kichikdash, Jingirdag and Yazyly-tepe mountains. The only difference between them is in the style of composition, and the character of their arrangement, that depends on the time of their creation.
From XIV-XII Milenia before present to Middle Age
Site type: caves, rock shelters, outcrop, megalithic orthostat, sanctuaries, tombstone
Address: Gobustan settlement, Garadakh district, Baku city, Azerbaijan Republic
Telephone: (+994 12) 544 66 27
Fax: (+994 12) 544 66 25
Region/land: Baku city
Province/Department/County: Garadakh district
Municipality: Gobustan municipality
Village/town: Gobustan settlement
Location: Jinghindagh mountain –Yazylytepe hill, Boyukdash mountain and Kichikdash mountain, Baku
Daily opened, From 10:00h – to 17:00h, except January 1.
Length of tours:1.5-2 hours (with local guide)
Maximun number of users per group visit: 25
Booking and access
Visits can be booked at:
Pre-Sale system: No
Reception Centre: There is a Museum avaliable for visitors