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Hornos de La Peña Cave

Cantabria (Spain)


Natural Environment:

The cave is in a limestone hill, located above a terrace of the River Barcenal and overlooking a natural pass. The limestone peaks of Sierra del Dobra are opposite the cave.

Regional Archaeological Context:

The exterior engravings are comparable with those at other sites in northern Spain, such as the figures outside Chufín Cave and in La Luz Cave in Cantabria, or the deep engravings in the Nalón Valley (Torneiros, La Lluera, etc) in Asturias. The engravings inside the cave can clearly be compared with similar representations in El Castillo and Altamira Caves.

Site History:

The rock art was discovered by H. Alcale del Río in 1903. In 1906 it was almost completely excavated by the Institute of Human Palaeontology in Paris. Ucko and Rosenfeld carried out a new study of the art in the 1960s.

Archaeological evidence at the site:

Palaeolithic rock art.

Short Description:


The cave has two clearly different groups of engravings. The first is in daylight at the entrance of the cave and consists of deep engravings, above all of a horse, which are archaic and possibly date from the Gravettian. Inside the cave there are more engravings of horses and bison, a stag, a reindeer and a serpentiform. A black painting representing a horse has also been identified. One of the more outstanding figures is an anthropomorph with a raised arm and a long tail, situated in a hollow at the back of the cave.

Age:

Gravettian and Magdalenian.


Type of Site: Cave
Adress: Barrio de Tarriba, San Felices de Buelna, Cantabria
Telephone: 942 598 425
Fax: 942 598 305
Website: www.culturadecantabria.com / http://cuevas.culturadecantabria.com 
E-mail: reservascuevas@culturadecantabria.es

State/Region: Cantabria
Province: Cantabria
Municipality: San Felices de Buelna
Town: Tarriba
Location: Peña de los Hornos or Monte Redondo


Opening Times:

Closed 1st and 6th, 24th, 25th and 31st December

It is necessary to book at least one day in advance to see the cave.

 

Low seasonFrom 1st November to 28st March.

VISITS ONLY UNDER PRIOR BOOKING.
Closed from Mondays and Tuesdays, except the Tuesday 11st April.
From Wednesday to Fridays, visits under previous booking from 10:00 am to 15:00 pm.
Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays, visits under prior booking in the mornings from 10:00 am to 14:00 pm.

Mid seasonFrom 1st March to 13th June and from 18th September to 31st October.

VISITS ONLY UNDER PRIOR BOOKING.
Closed Mondays and Tuesdays. Except the Mondays 6th April, 25th May and 12th October.
From Wednesdays to Sundays, visits under previous booking in the mornings from 10:00 am to 14:00 pm.

High seasonFrom 14th June to 17th September.

From 14th June to 17th September
OPEN under special visit system and ordinary visits.
Closed on Mondays.
From Tuesdays to Sundays from 11:00 am to 14:00 pm.

Tours per day in groups of 4 people as maximun 11:10 am, 12:10 am and 13:10 pm.

 

  • Duration of the guided visits: 45 minutes

Booking and access:

Prices:

  • Normal: 3 € (major of 12 years)
  • Reduced: 1,5 € (from 4 to 12 years, both inclusive)
  • Free: from 0 to 3 years (both inclusive)

Reception Centre:

There is a small reception centre for visitors at the access to the cave.


Nearby cultural destinations:

In San Felices de Buelna: Pero Niño Tower, in Llano. The Besaya Valley has a large number of Romanesque and pre-Romanesque churches, as at San Román de Moroso, San Juan de Raicedo and Santa Leocardia de Helguera. Park of Cantabrian Stele, in Barros de Buelna.

Nearby natural destinations:

Limestone hills in Sierra del Dobra. Oak and beech woods in Monte Teja.

Accommodation near the site:

San Felices de Buelna: Hotel Palacio García Quijano. 
Los Corrales de Buelna: Hotel Principal del Parque, Posada La Montañesa, Hospedería Nº Sª de las Caldas, Hotel Balneario de las Caldas, Hostal* Terán, Posada ** Las Vascas. 
See: www.turismodecantabria.com

Restaurants near the site:

San Felices de Buelna: Mesón Las Viñas. 
Los Corrales de Buelna: La Becada, La Estela, Fleming.
See: www.turismodecantabria.com


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